18 Types of Construction Vehicles Along With Their Uses

Several types of construction vehicles, such as trencher and scissor lift, are now available in different construction vehicles brands. You may choose any vehicle, considering your requirements and their benefits.

Types of Construction Vehicles ~ Ran When Parked
In this article, you will find 18 types of construction vehicles and their uses, benefits, distinguished characteristics, and dangers.

The Ultimate List of Different Types of Construction Vehicles

1. Bulldozer

Benefits
  • Clears a large piece of land for construction
  • Moves large quantities of materials
  • Pulls down old buildings and infrastructure
  • Clears rubble
Uses
  • Construction of roads and buildings
  • Loading and transporting mined materials
  • Clearing land for planting and forestry
Distinguish characteristics Wide blades and powerful engines
Dangers
  • May turn over
  • Can throw the rubble on the operators

A bulldozer is a type of construction vehicle known as a dozer. It is used for heavy construction, such as building roads and infrastructure. With the help of wide blades, it can push heavy materials and scrape the land.

Bulldozer in Construction Site ~ Ran When Parked

It is available in different sizes, weights, and types of construction equipment like rippers, bladders, and mulchers. Wheel and crawler dozers are popular types of these vehicles.

2. Excavators

Benefits
  • Digs and drills land
  • Levels land
  • Destroys buildings and structures
Uses
  • Construction of roads and buildings
  • Clearing, leveling, and loading for mining, forestry, and agriculture
Distinguish characteristics Long arms, buckets, and a powerful engine
Dangers
  • May turn over if not operated properly
  • Can throw the rubble on the operators

An excavator is another vehicle for digging, leveling, and loading materials. There are several types of excavators, such as crawler excavators. These are tracked vehicles for constructing roads and buildings, mining, and demolition. They have good stability and are available in different sizes.

Using Excavators in Construction ~ Ran When Parked

Wheeled excavators have tires rather than tracks and are used for constructing buildings and landscaping. Long-reach excavators are either tracked or wheeled vehicles and are available in different sizes. They are used for demolishing and dredging.

Another type, called heavy-duty excavators, are tracked vehicles with exceptional stability. They are usually available in large sizes only with high power and are used for constructing roads and mining.

Moreover, reduced tail swing excavators are tracked vehicles available in different sizes. They are used in urban construction and landscaping. And lastly, mini excavators, also known as compact excavators, are lighter and smaller and can quickly work in congested areas.

3. Skid-Steer Loader

Benefits
  • Has compact size
  • High maneuverability
  • Performs various tasks
Uses
  • Construction of roads and buildings
  • Can level and grade land for landscaping and agriculture
  • Loads products in the warehouse
  • Clears snow from the roads
Distinguish characteristics Wheels are controlled independently
Dangers
  • Risk of falling after being insatiable
  • May roll over if not operated properly
  • May cause road accidents

This loader is another effective construction vehicle. They are comparatively smaller than dozers and excavators yet perform more construction activities.

Skid Steer Loader ~ Ran When Parked

As the wheels can be independently controlled, it gets easier for these loaders to work in close spaces. It is essential not to overload the loader and ensure controlled speed to avoid dangers.

Several types of steer loaders are available, such as small, medium, and large frame steers. Small frame steers with a horsepower of around 50 can be used in closed spaces, including snow clearing and light construction.

Medium frame steers have a horsepower between 50 and 70. They are used in agriculture and construction sites. In contrast, large-frame steers have a horsepower of more than 70 and are used in more significant tasks, including mining and demolition.

4. Boom Lift

Benefits
  • Can go up to a height of 200 feet
  • Can work in congested places
Uses
  • Construction of buildings and roads
  • Maintenance of buildings and utilities  (painting, cleaning, roofing)
Distinguish characteristics Have a hydraulic arm and can maneuver
Dangers
  • Lift may fall after being unstable
  • Workers may slip if not correctly fastened
  • Workers may get electrocuted due to the electric lines

These lifts, also known as scissor lifts, have a bucket attached to the hydraulic arm. The bucket carries the worker, and the arm reaches the required height. This helps workers to perform tasks that are impossible to do through ladders, such as painting walls, cleaning, and roofing.

Articulated Boom Lift ~ Ran When Parked

These lifts are compact and can efficiently work in congested places. However, it is essential to take precautionary measures, such as avoiding overload and high speeds.

Straight lifts have single booms with vertical reach. They can easily paint buildings and trim trees.

However, articulated hauler lifts have vertical and horizontal reach. They are more maneuverable than straight lifts and can be used for inspection.

5. Compact Track Loaders (CTL)

Benefits
  • Less ground pressure
  • Have good stability due to tracks
  • High maneuverability
Uses
  • Construction of road and building
  • Effective in agriculture, landscaping, and mining
  • Clears snow on the road
Distinguish characteristics Influential tracks instead of wheels or tires
Dangers
  • may fall after being unstable
  • Workers may slip if not correctly fastened

A CTL is another example of a construction vehicle.

Compact Track Loaders ~ Ran When ParkedThe only difference between a CTL and an SSL is that a CTL has tracks rather than wheels or tires, which makes it more stable and flexible than a skid steer loader. Due to less ground pressure, they are less likely to damage the surfaces.

6. Backhoe Loaders

Benefits
  • Can perform various tasks
  • Conserves time and money
  • Have powerful engine
Uses
  • Construction of roads and buildings
  • Effective in agriculture, landscaping, and mining
Distinguish characteristics Have both backhoe and front-end loader
Dangers Can damage
  • Underground infrastructure
  • Landscapes
  • Roads

These loaders have two pieces of equipment attached to a single machine. At the back side, the backhoe has a bucket attached to an arm, used for drilling and digging land. The front-end loader only has a bucket for loading and transporting materials.

Working with Backhoe Loaders ~ Ran When Parked

In some cases, a wheel tractor is attached to pull the backhoes. It helps speed up the process.

7. Dump Trucks

Benefits
  • Can carry large amounts of material
  • High durability
  • Conserves time and money
Uses Can be used to transport material for
  • Construction sites
  • Agriculture
  • Mining
  • Landscaping
Distinguish characteristics Have a large bed to load and unload material
Dangers
  • Risk of falling after becoming insatiable due to high-speed
  • May roll over if not operated properly
  • May cause road accidents

Standard dump trucks are construction trucks for loading, transporting, and unloading materials like sand and gravel.

Dump Trucks on Road ~ Ran When ParkedThe large bed on the vehicle can be raised to unload the transported material. The standard transfer dump trucks have powerful engines that run on diesel.

8. Concrete Mixer Trucks

Benefits
  • Save time and money
  • Fresh concrete is delivered
  • Can transport large amounts of concrete
Uses Construction of
  • Foundations
  • Walls
  • Slabs
  • Sideways
Distinguish characteristics Rotating drum rollers having a capacity of 6 to 12 cubic yards of concrete
Dangers
  • Risk of falling after becoming insatiable due to high-speed
  • Concrete spills may damage roads, sideways, and infrastructure

Concrete trucks are construction vehicles used to transport and make concrete material.

Concrete Mixer Trucks ~ Ran When ParkedIt has a rotating drum run by a hydraulic engine, which does not let the concrete set. It is also known as a concrete mixer and transit mixer.

9. Flatbed Trucks

Benefits
  • Can transport various materials and equipment
  • Can carry heavy equipment
  • Easy to unload
  • High maneuverability
Uses Can transport:
  • Equipment (vehicles)
  • Supplies (concrete, steel, etc.)
Distinguish characteristics Have flatbed to carry a heavy load
Dangers
  • Risk of falling after becoming insatiable due to high-speed
  • May roll over if not operated properly
  • May cause road accidents

Flatbed trucks are vehicles with a flatbed made of wood or metal. They can carry heavy loads such as construction equipment, supplies, and debris.

Driving Flatbed Trucks ~ Ran When Parked However, it is essential not to overload and ensure the height of your load is lower than that of the bridges and overpasses that may come in the way.

10. Water Truck

Benefits
  • Control dust particles
  • Increase moisture in the soil
  • Clean equipment
Uses Can be used in projects like
  • Road and building construction
  • Mining
  • Agriculture
  • Excavation
Distinguish characteristics Have a large water tank with a capacity of 10,000 gallons of water
Dangers
  • May turn over if not operated properly
  • Can throw the dust on the operators

Water trucks, known as water tankers and carriers, transport or deliver water. The water is used at construction sites to mix concrete and control dust.

Using Water Truck ~ Ran When ParkedLikewise, these trucks help to provide water for agriculture. The tanks made up of steel or aluminum are attached to a pump that supplies water.

11. Cranes

Benefits
  • Lift heavy objects
  • Reach high places
  • Conserves time and money
Uses Used to lift:
  • Materials for construction
  • Materials for manufacturing
Distinguish characteristics A hook attached to a long arm
Dangers
  • Objects may fall if not correctly fastened
  • May turn over if not operated properly
  • May overturn due to overloading

Cranes are used to lift heavy materials with the help of a hook attached to an arm.

Working with Cranes ~ Ran When ParkedThey are used to lift heavy objects in manufacturing infrastructure and constructing buildings. Gantry and tower cranes are popular types of cranes.

12. Forklifts

Benefits
  • Lift heavy objects
  • Reach high places
  • Conserves time and money
  • Have high maneuverability
Uses Can be used in
  • Manufacturing products
  • Constructing infrastructure
  • Warehousing
Distinguish characteristics A fork attached to a long arm
Dangers
  • Objects may fall if not correctly fastened
  • May turn over if not operated properly
  • May overturn due to overloading

Forklifts are also used to lift heavy objects in construction, manufacture, and warehousing. A fork attached to a long arm lifts the objects.

Powered Forklifts Trucks ~ Ran When Parked

The difference between cranes and forklifts is that forklifts can work in closed spaces. However, forklifts have lower capacity than that of cranes.

13. Road Rollers

Benefits
  • Creates a durable surface
  • Reduces holes in the surface
  • Increase the capacity of the surface
Uses
  • Road and building construction
  • Maintenance
  • Agriculture
Distinguish characteristics Large rollers that move forward and backward
Dangers
  • Objects may fall if not properly fastened
  • May turn over if not operated properly
  • May overturn due to overloading

These rollers, known as compactors and vibratory rollers, are used to compact soils and reduce the holes in the surface.

Compactor Road Rollers ~ Ran When ParkedThe compact soil creates a durable surface and improves drainage. Therefore, it can be used effectively for construction, agriculture, and landscaping.

14. Trenchers

Benefits
  • Conserves time and money
  • Dig trenches as per the required depth.
Uses
  • Construction of underground utilities
  • Dig trenches for mining and agriculture
Distinguish characteristics Have cutting teeth with a conveyor system
Dangers
  • Objects may fall if not properly fastened
  • May turn over if not operated properly
  • May overturn due to overloading

Trenchers are used to dig trenches for multiple purposes, such as installing water pipes and electric cables. There are three main types of trenchers: micro, chain trenchers, and wheel trenchers.

Digging with Trenchers ~ Ran When Parked

Chain trenches have wide chains with cutting teeth and can be used in different soils. Micro trenchers are small in size with high maneuverability. They require less maintenance and cannot be used in various soil conditions.

15. Cold Planers

Benefits
  • Have high speed
  • Conserves time and money
Uses Construction and maintenance of
  • Roads
  • Airports
  • Pavements
  • Bridges
Distinguish characteristics Cutters attached to rotating drums
Dangers
  • Objects may fall if not properly fastened
  • May turn over if not operated properly
  • May overturn due to overloading

These vehicles are also known as pavement planers and asphalt milling machines.

Powerful Cold Planers ~ Ran When ParkedThese planers aim to remove asphalt or concrete from pavements, runways, taxiways, and bridges. Before driving, make sure the materials are adequately fastened.

16. Motor Graders

Benefits
  • Create flat surfaces
  • Conserves time and money
  • Highly durable
Uses
  • Road construction
  • Landscaping
  • Agriculture
Distinguish characteristics Long blades to create flat surfaces
Dangers
  • Objects may fall if not properly fastened
  • May turn over if not operated properly
  • May overturn due to overloading

This vehicle is for grading, leveling, and maintaining infrastructure. They are used to create effective irrigation systems and can be easily used in congested areas as well.

Working with Motor Graders ~ Ran When Parked

17. Asphalt Paver

Benefits
  • Work efficiently
  • Safe to use
  • Creates a durable asphalt surface
Uses
  • Road construction
  • maintenance
Distinguish characteristics
  • A hopper
  • A conveyor belt
  • A paving auger
  • A screed
Dangers
  • May turn over if not operated properly
  • May overturn due to overloading
  • May spill hot asphalt on workers or people passing by

This vehicle is used to lay asphalt to make the surfaces smooth and durable. The hopper attached to the paver has the mixture transported by a conveyor belt.

Powered Asphalt Paver ~ Ran When ParkedThe paving auger distributes the mixture, and the screed lays the asphalt smoothly on the surface.

18. Feller Bunchers

Benefits
  • More efficient
  • Safe to use
Uses
  • Cutting and thinning of trees
  • Clearing of land
Distinguish characteristics A felling head and a boom with a hydraulic attachment
Dangers
  • May turn over if not operated properly
  • May overturn due to overloading

Feller bunches are heavy machines used to cut trees and clear land. They can easily be used in areas that are difficult to reach, so you can also call them off-highway trucks. The bunchers are used in land clearing and site preparation.

Feller Bunchers Harvester ~ Ran When Parked

If you want a machine to clear a wild area, search “Construction vehicles for sale” and book a feller buncher. Once you search for these vehicles, you will also find tiny construction vehicles for kids at multiple online stores.

Conclusion

Having mentioned the 18 best types of construction vehicles, here is a summary of essential points listed in the article:

  • You can use skid steering loaders, compact truck loaders, and boom lifts for construction projects in congested areas.
  • You can use a crawler dozer or forklift if you are looking for efficient vehicles.
  • You can use motor or dump trucks for grading, leveling, and compacting the surface.

Since now you know the benefits, uses, and dangers of several types of construction, deciding the best suitable option would be easier. Do not forget to consider the risks of the vehicles before buying them.

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