How to vacuum car ac system without pump is a procedure that involves a few simple steps. The first step is to depress the AC’s high-pressure side, and the second is to charge the low-pressure side. Step three is to repeat first, step four repeat second, and third, your system is vacuumed and ready to be recharged!
In this guide you’ll find simple steps to charge your AC without a pump and also answers to pertinent questions regarding a car air conditioner and vacuuming.
- 1 How To Vacuum Your Car’s AC Without a Pump?
- 2 How To Charge Your Car’s AC System Without a Pump?
- 3 Frequently Asked Questions
- 4 Conclusion
How To Vacuum Your Car’s AC Without a Pump?
To vacuum your car’s AC without a pump, depress the high-pressure access valve and, second, charge the low-pressure side. Third, repeat the first step, and fourth, repeat the second and third steps. After that, recharge the system with the appropriate refrigerant to the correct level.
A fully functioning car’s air conditioning system is important for a comfortable and safe driving experience. As part of regular maintenance, vacuuming the system at least once every two years can help remove any foreign substances and ensure its optimum performance.
Failure to vacuum routinely, dust, moisture, and other elements can accumulate in the AC system, creating the perfect environment for mold, fungal, and bacteria growth. And when the AC is turned on, it will blow the microscopic spores directly into the cabin.
That means you and your passengers will breathe in contaminated air. Also, any water trapped inside the system can promote corrosion, leading to costly damage. Some have asked, “Do you have to vacuum AC system after compressor replacement?” and the answer from most experts is yes! As explained, vacuuming your AC enables you to remove any contaminants to guarantee optimum performance.
A DIY AC system vacuuming exercise can save you a lot of money and the stress of having to regularly take your vehicle to a mechanic. A vacuum pump is the best tool for the task, which you can buy, rent, and use at home.
But if you don’t want to spend money, learning how to vacuum AC system without pump is essential. Here are the detailed steps, but first, ensure you have a set of AC manifold gauges and hoses, gloves, and goggles for protection.
Prep Your Car
First, park the vehicle on a flat surface and turn off the engine. You also need to ensure that you’ve turned the air conditioning system off. After that, it would be best if you wore gloves and eye protection (goggles) – safety first! You’ll now be ready for step 2 below.
Depress the AC’s High-Pressure Side
In this step on how to pull vacuum on AC condenser, you’ll install access valves on the high- and low-pressure sides of your vehicle’s AC compressor for proper operation. Next, turn on the compressor.
Now depress the high-pressure side on the AC and attentively observe the higher side pressure during the process. Let the higher side pressure reach the lowest point, then close the high-pressure side. Turn the compressor off immediately.
Charge Low-Pressure Side
Charge the low-pressure side of the system. You’ll set the pressure on the low-side valve to 14 PSI. As you do so, carefully monitor the low and high-pressure sides for about 3 minutes and ensure both equalize. Repeat steps 1 and 2 if you notice any difference between the two pressure sides. The pressure on both sides must balance.
Repeat Step 2 Above
Once the low and high-pressure side valves have balanced pressure, turn on the compressor again. Next, depress the high-pressure valve again, as you did in step 2 above. However, this time round, you’ll keenly watch the pressure on the low-pressure side. When it reaches the lowest point possible, close the high-pressure side, then switch off the compressor.
Repeat Steps 3 and 4 Above
Repeating steps 3 and 4 above will ensure a successful vacuuming of your car’s AC. So, charge the low-pressure side again to 14 PSI while monitoring both the low and high sides until they balance. After that, switch on the compressor and depress the high-pressure valve while keeping an eye on the low-pressure side.
You’ll need that the side won’t get to as low as it got in the previous step. That’s caused by refrigerant’s absorption and gradual release in the compressor oil. At this point, shut down the high-pressure side valve if it’s not releasing any gas. That means your air conditioning system is free of any previously present contaminants.
Recharge Your AC System
The last step on how to vacuum a car AC system without a pump is to charge the system with the appropriate refrigerant amount (please consult your owner’s manual). The step is essential to ensure that the difference in refrigerant level doesn’t affect the system’s performance.
Once you add the refrigerant, switch the compressor off, and the system will be ready for use. Our next section will show you how to charge an air conditioner without a vacuum.
If you must use a pump, there are places where you can get one at a cheap price. You can grab a Harbor Freight AC vacuum pump for as low as $18. It’s not actually a pump but a venturi vacuum generator. It works with the help of pressurized airflow in a small stream via a larger opening, creating a vacuum behind the bigger opening.
It’s a simple device. Some people even make similar, homemade AC vacuum pumps using a PVC tee and pen.
How To Charge Your Car’s AC System Without a Pump?
To charge your car’s AC system without a pump, determine the ambient temperature and pressure using the chart on your refrigerant packaging. If the conditions are favorable, find the low-pressure side and attach the charging hose. Add the refrigerant and charge your system to the correct volume.
Assuming you’ve already bought a can of the appropriate refrigerant for your car, and have a set of manifold gauges and hoses, follow these detailed steps:
1. Determine the Ambient Temperature and Pressure
Refrigerant packaging usually contains a chart that determines what pressure you should charge your AC, depending on the ambient air temperature. You shouldn’t charge your vehicle if the temperature is 55 degrees Fahrenheit or below.
You’ll need to find out the recommended pressure for your AC system. You can find this information online or in a repair manual. Charging the AC at the correct pressure and temperature is critical for efficient operation.
If the conditions are good, switch on the engine and set your AC to the “MAX” setting. It would also help to monitor the behavior of the AC clutch. Only the outside of the pulley turns when the compressor is disengaged. When engaged, the whole clutch assembly turns and drives the compressor. The compressor won’t engage when the refrigerant volume is too low.
2. Find the Low-Side Service Port
The low-side service port is on the line that connects the compressor and accumulator. It’s easy to distinguish the high-side and low-side service ports because the former has larger fittings and is between the condenser and compressor. Once you locate the service port, remove the cap and move to the next step.
3. Fix the Charging Hose and Add the Refrigerant
Connect the charging hose to the low-pressure side and secure the connection. The hose should smoothly attach if you’re using the correct port. Note that you can only use the low and high-pressure sides if you use a set of gauges for the car. Once you’ve fixed the hose, follow the instructions on your refrigerant package and add the refrigerant to your AC.
4. Charge Your AC
You should have determined the correct pressures using the chart printed on your refrigerant package. So, constantly monitor the pressure readings as you charge the system. As the low-pressure side sides about 25PSI, the compressor clutch should engage.
You may also notice that the compressor engages and disengages as refrigerant volume increases and eventually stays engaged consistently. Be careful not to overcharge your system to avoid damaging it. Please consult a professional if you need clarification on the current pressure.
5. Remove the Hose
The AC system is now charged, and you know how to charge AC without vacuum pump. So, take the charge hose out of the low-pressure service side. You don’t need to remove your refrigerant can from the charge hose.
Check the seal beneath the cap and ensure there are no cracks or signs of damage. Remember to store any extra refrigerant in a dry and cool place.
Frequently Asked Questions
– Can You Drain Freon From a Car at Home?
Yes, you can drain Freon from a car at home using an evacuation pump, available at most auto parts stores. Remove the caps from the vehicle’s AC and the pump. Next, attach one end of the hose to the pump’s intake and the other to a container holding the Freon.
– What’s the Cost of Evacuating a Car’s AC Professionally?
The cost of evacuating a car’s AC professionally is between $50 and $120. The exact amount depends on multiple factors, including the amount of work and location. You can save money and time by doing it yourself if you have a recovery machine or an AC discharge kit.
– How Much Time Will You Need to Vacuum Your Car’s AC?
The time you will need to vacuum your car’s AC is between 15 and 30 minutes. The actual time depends on your system’s condition and the pump type you’re using. Sometimes 15 minutes may be enough, but allow the pump to run the maximum time for the best results.
– What’s the Cost of a Car’s Air Conditioner Vacuum Pump?
The cost of a car’s air conditioner vacuum pump averages $75. Expect to pay a minimum of $50 for a small handheld vacuum and $150 or more for the larger units, which offer more features and functionalities. Generally, there’s a unit for everyone, depending on your budget.
The above was a guide on “how to vacuum car AC system without pump.”
Here is a summary:
- Using a manifold, hose, and gauge set, you can vacuum your AC system without a pump.
- After vacuuming, recharging the system is necessary to ensure the refrigerant amount is at the correct level.
- You can also recharge or charge your AC without a vacuum pump by connecting the charging hose to the low-pressure side of the compressor.
Now you have the information you need to remove contaminants from your car’s air conditioning system and ensure its optimum performance. So, gather the few tools mentioned and get it done!
- Oil Filter Brands to Avoid: Top Brands To Stay Away From - October 1, 2023
- Leaking Fuel Injector Symptoms and How to Fix It - September 30, 2023
- Is The Chevy Equinox AWD or FWD? All You Need to Know - September 29, 2023